Compilation of Statistics for USA -Aging Population & others

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US Aging Population

Older women outnumber older men at 25.9 million older women to 20.4 million older men.

About 29% (13.3 million) of non-institutionalized older persons live alone (9.2 million women,

4.1 million men).

The 85+ population is projected to triple from 6.2 million in 2014 to 14.6 million in 2040

Source: Administration on Aging Administration for Community Living U.S. Department of Health and Human Services https://www.aoa.acl.gov/Aging_Statistics/Profile/2015/docs/2015-Profile.pdf

Fall Statistics

  • One out of five falls causes a serious injury such as broken bones or a head injury.1,2
  • Each year, 2.5 million older people are treated in emergency departments for fall injuries.3
  • Over 700,000 patients a year are hospitalized because of a fall injury, most often because of a head injury or hip fracture.3
  • Each year at least 250,000 older people are hospitalized for hip fractures.5
  • More than 95% of hip fractures are caused by falling,6 usually by falling sideways.7
  • Falls are the most common cause of traumatic brain injuries (TBI).8
  • Falls are the leading cause of fatal injury and the most common cause of nonfatal trauma-related hospital admissions among older adults.
  • Falls result in more than 2.5 million injuries treated in emergency departments annually, including over 734,000 hospitalizations and more than 21,700 deaths.

Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Falls/adultfalls.html

Alzheimer’s  Stats

  • About 5.4 million Americans are living with Alzheimer’s
  • One in nine people age 65 and older has Alzheimer’s disease.
  • 1 IN 3 Seniors dies with Alzheimer’s or Another Dementia
  • Family caregivers spend 5,000 a year caring for someone with Alzheimer’s
  • By mid-century, someone in the United States will develop the disease every 33 seconds
  • In 2015, 15.9 million family and friends provided 18.1 billion hours of unpaid care to those with Alzheimer’s and other dementias. That care had an estimated economic value of $221.3 billion.

Source: https://www.alz.org/facts/

Alzheimer’s Disease and Wandering/Elopement

  • Alzheimer’s disease destroys brain cells responsible for memory, thinking and behavior. As a result, people living with Alzheimer’s or a related disorder may become disoriented and lost, even in their own neighborhood or places that are familiar to them – this is known as wandering. Due to confusion, individuals with Alzheimer’s who wander are often unable to ask for help, leaving them vulnerable to weather, traffic and those who prey on the less fortunate.
  • Three out of Five People with Alzheimer’s Disease Will Wander.
  • More than 60 percent of those with Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia will wander, and if a person is not found within 24 hours, up to half of individuals who wander will suffer serious injury or death

Source:

Autism

  • It’s estimated that one out every 68 individuals has an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD),
  • ASD is about 4.5 times more common among boys (1 in 42) than among girls (1 in 189).

Autism and Wandering

  • Roughly half, of children with an ASD attempt to elope from a safe environment, a rate nearly four times higher than their unaffected siblings
  • Drowning is a leading cause of death in children with ASD. In 2009-2011, accidental drowning accounted for 91% total U.S. deaths reported in children with an ASD ages 14 and younger subsequent to wandering/elopement.
  • More than one third of ASD children who wander/elope are never or rarely able to communicate their name, address, or phone number
  • Two in three parents of elopers reported their missing children had a “close call” with a traffic injury
  • 32% of parents reported a “close call” with a possible drowning
  • Wandering was ranked among the most stressful ASD behaviors by 58% of parents of elopers
  • 62% of families of children who elope were prevented from attending/enjoying activities outside the home due to fear of wandering
  • 40% of parents had suffered sleep disruption due to fear of elopement

Sources:

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

National Autism Association https://nationalautismassociation.org/resources/autism-safety-facts/

 

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